Bristol Device for Upper Tropospheric Solid Testing (D.U.S.T)
The first Bristol SEDS project was inspired by the increasing number of amatuer high altitude balloon (HAB) missions. It was hard not to find the images of the Earth recorded on these missions inspirational and it was decided that a HAB project with a scientific mission would be ideal.
The first intake consisted of 2 postgraduate and 6 undergraduate physics students all of which had a keen interest in space. To help organise the group Jim Sadler acted as Bristol SEDS project coordinator, whilst Hannah Price took up the role of team leader. Hannah had a keen interest in the mechanism of cloud formation, and as team leader set the scientific goal to recover cloud nucleation particles from the upper troposphere.
The balloon launched on the 13th August 2011 from the EARS launch site. However, soon after lift-off the onboard tracking failed and the mission was looking lost. Fortunately, as this was our first launch and we anticipated some teething problems Steve Randal of UKHAS who was helping with the launch had provided a backup tracker which worked perfectly throughout the flight. The balloon reached a peak altitude of 21km before the envelope burst and the payload returned to Earth under parachute. The flight profile of the balloon can be seen in figure 8.
Figure 8 – Flight profile of the DUST payload.
After a long chase the launch team eventually found the payload sitting in a farmers field undamaged. Upon returning to the lab the images and samples from the payload were collected. The payload had been equiped with a single digital camera set to record an image every 30 seconds. A selection of the images recorded near apogee can be seen in figure 9 and figure 10.
Figure 9 – Edge of the atmosphere image taken by the DUST project.
Figure 10 – Edge of the atmosphere image taken by the DUST project.
To analyse the solid sample collected from the upper troposphere a technique called EDX was used. This showed a collection of small particulate right on the edge of the microscopes imaging capability. However, even though the particles were small, material classification could still be carried out and they were found to consist of silicon dioxide.
This work was funded by a grants from the Nexus IoP student branch, the Royal Meterological Society, the Aerosol Society, and the generous donation of an mbed microcontroller from mbed. A complete report can be found at the following links:
Team Leader – H Price